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Join us to the AFE full day Post-Conference Tour 
 
Date: Friday 28 April 2017






The Nahr al-Kalb (Arabic: نهر الكلب‎‎) is a river in Lebanon. It runs for 31 km (19 mi) from a spring in Jeita near the Jeita Grotto to the Mediterranean Sea. Past generals and conquerors have traditionally built monuments at the mouth of the Nahr al-Kalb, known as the Commemorative stelae of Nahr el-Kalb.


The Jeita Grotto (Arabic: مغارة جعيتا‎‎) is a system of two separate, but interconnected, karstic limestone caves spanning an overall length of nearly 9 km (5.6 mi). Though inhabited in prehistoric times, the lower cave was not rediscovered until 1836 by Reverend William Thomson; it can only be visited by boat since it channels an underground river that provides fresh drinking water to more than a million Lebanese. In 1958, Lebanese speleologists discovered the upper galleries 60 meters (200 ft.) above the lower cave which have been accommodated with an access tunnel and a series of walkways to enable tourists’ safe access without disturbing the natural landscape. The upper galleries house the world's largest known stalactite. The galleries are composed of a series of chambers the largest of which peaks at a height of 120 meters (390 ft.). It was one of top 14 finalists in the New 7 Wonders of Nature competition.


Byblos, in Arabic Jubayl (Arabic: جبيل‎‎), is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon. It is believed to have been occupied first between 8800 and 7000 BC, and according to fragments attributed to the semi-legendary pre-Homeric Phoenician priest Sanchuniathon, it was built by Cronus as the first city in Phoenicia. Byblos is also directly associated with the history and diffusion of the Phoenician alphabet. The origin of our contemporary alphabet was discovered in Byblos with the most ancient Phoenician inscription carved on the sarcophagus of Ahiram. It is one of the cities suggested as the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world and the site has been continuously inhabited since 5000 BC. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Our Lady of Lebanon: The Shrine of Our Lady of Lebanon (Arabic: سيدة لبنان‎‎), is a Marian shrine and a pilgrimage site in Lebanon. The shrine belongs to the Maronite Patriarchate who entrusted its administration to the Congregation of Maronite Lebanese Missionaries since its foundation in 1904. It is one of the most important shrines in the world honoring Mary, Mother of Jesus. The shrine is highlighted by a huge, 15-ton bronze statue. It is 8.5 m high, and has a diameter of five meters. The Virgin Mary stretches her hands towards Beirut. The Shrine of Our Lady of Lebanon draws millions of faithful both Christians and Muslims from all over the world. The Lebanese Christians as well as the Druze and Muslims have a special devotion to Mary, Mother of Jesus. Overlooking the bay of Jounieh, the shrine has become a major tourist attraction where tourists take the gondola lift, the Téléphérique, from the city of Jounieh to Harissa.


For further info and registration for the Post-Conference Tour, kindly contact Ms. Sally Yasin on the following email address: info@arab-exchanges.org